In many ways the Second World War completed what the First World War had begun. By 1945, the old social and political order had been swept away. Colonial empires were facing powerful national independence movements. Democracy and human rights were promoted by the United Nations. In 1950 the principle of female equality was enshrined in the draft European Convention of Human Rights (ratified in 1953). The new age of equality was reflected in the rapid speed of women's voting rights around the world: in Latin America, North Africa, the Indian sub-continent and the Far East.