V. CUTANDA, ¡A los pies del Salvador! (Episodio de una matanza de judíos en la Edad Media). Museo del Prado (at present in Museo de Zaragoza), 1887
The term pogrom is a Russian word that means “destruction” or “devastation”. It was first applied to attacks on Jews in the Russian Empire during the 19th and 20th centuries. Nowadays, however, this term is also used in other contexts or even in reference to organized massacres of other ethnic minorities.
In this sense, for example, we can mention large-scale violent attacks against Jews during Ancient times, the Medieval era and the Modern period such as the anti-Semitic riots under the Roman Empire, the slaughters of 1096 during the First Crusade, or the massacres of 1348, when Jews were blamed for the plague known as the Black Death.