Tens of thousands of Jews (historians disagree about the exact number) departed from Spain to other lands such as Portugal, Italy, North Africa or the Ottoman Empire.
The ports of Cartagena, Valencia and Barcelona were provided by King Ferdinand with ships to take them where they wished; but they often found difficulty in landing. In Morocco, for example, the people refused to receive them and they were obliged to make camp in a nearby open plain, where many of them died of hunger. Nine crowded vessels arrived at Naples, but most of the passengers died of the pestilence. The most hospitable country for the expelled Jews was the Ottoman Empire.