What were the experiences and perceptions?

The Capitulation of Granada

The Capitulation is a remarkable example of religious toleration for its time (or even for modern times). From the conquest in 1492 until 1495, both parties to the Capitulation tried to respect it. However, during the last years of the 15th century, several decrees were issued which over-ruled it. Muslims rights were unilaterally revoked. The arrival in Granada of the Archbishop of Toledo, the Franciscan Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, in October of 1499, led to important changes in their situation.

Relying on Canon Law, the Cardinal held that Christians who had converted to Islam (called ‘helches’) or their descendants should be forced to return to Christianity. Moreover, about 5000 Arabic manuscripts were burned in the public square in Granada on the orders of the Archbishop. Such actions broke with the policy of mutual respect and peaceful assimilation.