Why did they move?

The Pull Factors 6

Deputation of Circassian chiefs

It is not surprising that Circassians, as Muslims, were drawn to the Ottoman Empire. Only a relatively small number agreed to exile in Russia. For Circassians the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire was not only the secular ruler of the Empire but also the Caliph, the direct successor of the Prophet Mohammed.

 

Another pull factor was that the Caliph’s mother was Circassian and many Circassians already held important positions in the Palace administration.