The years that followed the Crimean War witnessed the deportation of people from the Caucasus, particularly the Circassians, on a massive scale. Most attempted to cross the Black Sea to the Ottoman Empire. Many died during their journey because of starvation, shortage of water and disease.
Today, only a minority of Circassians continue to live in their ancestral homeland. Most live in Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Germany and the United States.