What is the context?

The mass deportations

The years that followed the Crimean War witnessed the deportation of people from the Caucasus, particularly the Circassians, on a massive scale.  Most attempted to  cross the Black Sea to the Ottoman Empire. Many died during their journey because of starvation, shortage of water and disease.


  Today, only a minority of Circassians continue to live in their ancestral homeland.  Most live in Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Germany and the United States.