The settlement of the immigrants on a large scale had profound effects on the Ottoman Empire. A new and profoundly different Anatolia emerged over time; nearly all provinces were now home to substantial number of immigrants. They were given lands and animals on the vast plains of Anatolia.
Taken from a broader perspective, the settlement of the immigrants from the Caucasus brought about not only a demographic change in the population of Anatolia it also transformed the Anatolian heartlands into a land dominated by a Muslim population.
There are today millions of Turkish citizens of Caucasian origin whose ancestors settled at Marmara, Central-Anatolia, East-Anatolia and Black Sea regions of Turkey.