What is the Bigger Picture?

The bigger picture: the North Caucasus today


The history of forced migrations from the North Caucasus continued into the 20th century.  In the 1930s many of the Cossacks were forced from their homes by Stalin’s policy of collectivisation.  Then in 1943-44 whole communities of Ingush, Chechens, Balkars, Karachais, Turks and Kurds living in the region were forcibly deported to Siberia and Central Asia having been accused of collaboration with the Nazis during World War II.


The long period of inward and outward migrations within the region, the re-locations and re-settlements,  have led to territorial disputes. Since the end of the Soviet Union in 1991 there have been numerous such conflicts, including the Abkhazian War (1992-93), the Nagorno-Karabakh War (1988-94), the Ossetian-Ingush conflict (1989-91), the two Chechen wars (1994-96 And 1999-2009) and the South Ossetian War in 2008.


In May 2005 Chechen activists announced the formation of the Caucasus Front: a coalition of Chechen, Dagestani, Ingush, Ossetian, Adyghe and other groups opposed to Russian rule in its southern republics.