The massacre of civilians in reprisal for attacks against German and Italian forces also took place in occupied Yugoslavia. Two of the most infamous massacres of Serbs by the German army were carried out in Kragujevac and Sabac. In Kragujevac all the boys and men between 16 and 60 were rounded up and hostages selected. Although figures vary most German and Serb historians now agree on approximately 2.800 dead.
These massacres across occupied Europe, along with the Holocaust, led to the Allied decision to charge Nazi leaders and representatives of the German High Command not only with war crimes but also with crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg trials.