What is the legacy?

The process of reinforcing the myth of national resistance and linking this to the massacres in 1943-45

On September 30th 1979 the then President of the Republic, Sandro Pertini, attended a commemoration of the massacre. Two years later he wrote the Preface to a book about Marzabotto and the massacre.   Here he associates the massacre with the resistance to the Nazis and to Fascism and then presents this as struggle of all the people at that time.

Why do we not want to teach our youth about what was done to Marzabotto, Fosse Ardeatine, Boves, Fossoli, and other places of massacres and deportations? Why do we keep silent about how our martyrs of the second Risorgimento died(….)? They are glorious pages…of our new Fatherland. It is not the history of one party or one faction: it is the history of the whole Italian people. It is not just the history of the long fight against Nazi;-Fascism it is the history of a whole people that fought for freedom and did not hang back, facing any kind of sacrifice  in order to obtain the full acknowledgment of its rights. To this history the following pages make their contribution : the scream of pain and anger of thousands of victims reaches us; particularly the women and children of the massacre of Marzabotto.

Source: from the Preface of the President of the Republic, Sandro Pertini in R. Sensoni & V.Ceccarini, Marzabotto. Un paese una strage (A village. A massacre), Teti, Milano, 1981



30th September 1979,the President of the Republic, Sandro Pertini.at the commemoration.

Source: Centre of documentation for the study of the nazifascist massacres and the war reprisal, Marzabotto