Extract from the Introduction to the documentary What we went through. Memories of Monte Sole, Bologna, 2007 by Peace School Foundation of Monte Sole:
(..) To understand the origins and development of an anti-partisan public memory, different factors must be put in context.The sometimes problematic relation between the partisans and the civil population; the trauma provoked by the massacre that brings potential tensions to explosion point; and the issue of public memory within official celebrations that, over the years, heightened the resentment of the victims’ families.What shines through the accounts of some survivors is the feeling that their suffering is being instrumentalised (i.e. used for political purposes). (......) the public discourse nationalises their suffering and makes them “martyrs of liberty”.Some families in different ways try to avoid this nationalisation and develop an anti-partisan memory. In our research, this memory seems to be more a reaction to the public construction of the myth of the “Heroic Partisan” than a genuine resentment against the actual partisans. The subject of this resentment is not so much the battles fought by the partisans, their actions, their presence in Monte Sole and how it was seen by the local community during the war. Rather, the object of their resentment is the “Partisan Hero” and the “Anti-Fascist Resistence” as they have been successfully mythologised after the war and [the way in which this is presented ] as the only possible interpretation.The emphasis in the post war commemorations on the heroes and heroism conflicts with the knowledge that some survivors had of the many mistakes and failings of the partisans, before and after the massacre. The epic tone of the commemorations, the public speeches and all the rhetoric also conflicts with the state of extreme poverty of the survivors who had lost everything in the massacre. On one side the State and the public institutions built the Sacrary (where the nationalisation of the victims reached its highest level) and, on the other side, the survivors received no compensation or war damages, unless they claimed to have been, or even pretended to have been, partisans (..).