Why did the conflict emerge?

Three different explanations for the emergence of the Cold War

It is part of the nature of history as a discipline that interpretations of the past are always being reassessed (or revised) not just because new facts emerge, but also because historians looking at the same events at different times and in different places view those events through different lenses. This has certainly been the case with historical interpretations of the causes of the Cold War.

Historians have sharply disagreed as to who was responsible for the Cold War, and whether the conflict was inevitable or could have been avoided. Generally speaking, three schools of thought can be identified: the traditionalists, the revisionists, and the post-revisionists.