Why was it an issue?

The Inquisition

The Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition was established in 1480 by Catholic Monarchs to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms and to replace the Medieval Inquisition which was under Papal control. The Inquisition was originally intended to ensure the orthodoxy of those who converted from Judaism and Islam but, eventually, it assumed that responsibility for the whole population.

This scene represents an auto-da-fe, presided over by Saint Dominic, in which some Albigensian heretics are being judged. Some of the accused are already being burned, while two others, in the foreground, await their turn. They are wearing the Sambenito (a cloak worn by those condemned by the Inquisition). In the background, yet others await the judgment of Saint Dominic.

Although this event did not occur during the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella the scene was painted during their reign and it represents a vivid image of Castile during that period.



Europe for Citizens ProgrammeHistoriana is developed by EUROCLIO and partners with the support of the Europe for Citizens programme of the European Union. This website reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. EUROCLIO has tried to contact all copyright holders of material published on Historiana, please contact copyright@historiana.eu in case copyright material has been unrighfully used.