The expulsion of ethnic Germans from Czechoslovakia in 1945

At the end of the Second World War in 1945, people in the now-liberated Czechoslovakia began reacting to the hardships suffered during the Nazi annexation and occupation of Czechoslovakia since 1938. This resulted in a wave of attacks against Sudeten Germans – the German-speaking inhabitants of the Sudetenland, the border areas of Czechoslovakia, since its formation in 1918-20. As a result of these attacks, many of the approximately 3 million Sudeten Germans were expelled (Czechs preferred the word ‘transfer’ to expulsions) and were resettled elsewhere, mostly in Austria and Germany.


Europe for Citizens ProgrammeHistoriana is developed by EUROCLIO and partners with the support of the Europe for Citizens programme of the European Union. This website reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. EUROCLIO has tried to contact all copyright holders of material published on Historiana, please contact in case copyright material has been unrighfully used.