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The expulsion of ethnic Germans from Czechoslovakia in 1945

At the end of the Second World War in 1945, people in the now-liberated Czechoslovakia began reacting to the hardships suffered during the Nazi annexation and occupation of Czechoslovakia since 1938. This resulted in a wave of attacks against Sudeten Germans – the German-speaking inhabitants of the Sudetenland, the border areas of Czechoslovakia, since its formation in 1918-20. As a result of these attacks, many of the approximately 3 million Sudeten Germans were expelled (Czechs preferred the word ‘transfer’ to expulsions) and were resettled elsewhere, mostly in Austria and Germany.

 

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