German migration to the United Sates in the 19th century was on a massive scale. By the end of the 20th century nearly 60 million Americans were of German descent. This mass migration had many diverse motives and affected both Germany and America in many complex ways.
One important aspect of this mass migration was political. Although relatively small in numbers, political exiles were very influential, both on the German-American communities in the United States and on Germany itself. This case study focuses on Theodor Erasmus Hilgard as key example. August Follen, Gustav Struve, Friedrich Hecker & Carl Schurz provide parallel examples of political migration